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tv   Newsline  NHK World  July 3, 2014 7:00am-7:31am JST

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thank you for joining us on this edition of "newsline." i'm roses in tokyo. north korean officials have reassured their japanese counterpart that they remain committed to their investigation. they'll probe the fate of japanese people abducted by the north and it will be done in line with the joint agreement. they met in beijing. japanese leaders say they're ready to consider partially lifting sanctions on pyongyang. north korea's envoy for
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normalizing relations with japan said the two sides have agreed to implementing the agreement they reached in sweden back in may. >> translator: the folks were practical, and everyone involved was involved in how we should care for and carry out the agreement. >> they said they provided a detailed explanation of the probe. the north is to make a final decision while weighing japan's offer to lift sanctions. now japanese are deciding whether to lift sanctions on pyongyang. they were bleefd on -- they were briefed. >> translator: relevant cabinet ministers will meet on thursday to study the explanations offered by north korea.
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and we'll decide how we should react to the issues, including the missile launches. >> the north korean delegates offered information on the investigation committee. they include details on the panel leader and members and how the probe will proceed. japan's prime minister shinzo abe has been briefed on the talks. they are focused on whether the committee will be authorized to investigate all bodies in north korea in order to make the probe effective. the japanese government is quickly preparing new legislation to allow the country to exercise its right to collective self-defense. the moves follow of the interpretation of the constitution. the cabinet approved the change on tuesday. it means japan could send its forces to aid an ally under armed attack. past administrations have viewed the war language as preventing japan from taking action.
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the law currently doesn't allow the self-defense forces to act. >> translator: japan's right to the use of force must be limited to times there is no alternative. the degree of force used for self-defense must be the minimum necessary. the cabinet's approval changes nothing of the basic interpretation of the constitution. >> members of the defense ministry launched a committee to begin discussing necessary legislation. defense minister onodera heads the group made of senior officials of the ministry and the sdf. they have set up a team of about 30 people to study what laws are needed. he says the team will work under the national security council secretariat. they plan to speed up coordination with the united states to try to incorporate the new policy into defense cooperation guidelines.
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the framework is due for review by the end of this year. some smaller opposition parties support the abe led reinterpretation of the constitution. but the main opposition, democratic party is among those opposed. >> they've pushed through the approval in closed-door talks among the ruling coalition and without sufficient debate in the diet. we will fight on. >> the diet agreed to convene its budget committee in both houses to further discuss the issue on july 14 and 15, following approval of the reinterpretation. this is despite the diet currently not in session. some japanese are upset about the new policy. thousands of people headed to the prime minister's office to protest. the demonstrators started gathering on tuesday morning. they stayed there until late afternoon when the cabinet gave its approval.
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they held up banners that said "don't destroy article ix of the constitution." and "don't about to war." >> translator: it's a very bad decision, they're trying to change the policy without any debate on the constitution and without amending it. >> some lawyers are calling on leaders to retract their decision. >> we're extremely concerned about what will happen once the reinterpretation of the constitution take place, how each government will interpret it and how they'll exercise the right to collective self-defense. >> members of the japan federation of bar associations point out the government is bound by the constitution. they say the cabinet has effectively changed article ix without thorough discussion of the people. this runs counter to the principles of constitutionalism, they say.
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members of iraq's new parliament have held their first session. it was hoped that the meeting would be the first step toward creating a government of national unity. but instead, tempers rose and the gathering broke up in chaos. the session was convened in an attempt to stop sunni insurgents. but lawmakers opposed to nuri al maliki walked out. the meeting broke up just after 90 minutes. the lawmakers were to select the speaker before the prime minister. they are worried that they are using political confusion to gain ground. sunnis and kurds have been demanding that prime minister maliki step down. they say the current sectarian violence was fueled by his favoritism toward shias. the call was made in an online
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statement. now iraq's ambassador to the u.s. says his country is asking for more u.s. military assistance. he says attacks from insurgents have posed a tremendous challenge for iraqi forces and says they need foreign help to protect the people. >> we have a weak army. we didn't have air force. we didn't have a lot of important infrastructure. because we're a new state. >> he says his government is requesting u.s. support, including air strikes by drones. >> we appreciation the support we're getting from the united states. we need more. and the country cannot wait because of the threat, the immediate threat to the integrity of the state. our people are at risk every day
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passes by. >> the ambassador says the aim of sunni extremists is to draw the country into civil war and bring down the state's structure. he says it's important for iraqi people to show they're united. one day after ending a unilateral cease-fire, ukrainian officials say their forces have killed more than 1,000 pro-russian separatists. the military resumed operations against the separatists after president poroshenko decided to call off the cease-fire in eastern ukraine. ukrainian parliament speaker says the military attacks are effective. but reports say the separatists are fighting back into the donetsk region. the body of a boy believed to be palestinian has been found in east jerusalem. forces say evidence points to a revenge killing for the death of three israeli teenagers. the body was found on wednesday
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in israeli occupied east jerusalem where many palestinians live. they say the body was charred and had wound marks. there are reports that a palestinian boy was taken away by car. they're trying to identify the body and suspects. last month three teenagers disappeared in the west bank. they claim that hamas is responsible for the death of the three. hamas has denied the allegation. israelis took to the streets and some shouted out death to the arabs. a car bomb has ripped through a crowded marketplace in northeastern nigeria. at least 50 people were killed. no one has claimed responsibility, but think believe islamic extremists are responsible for the attack.
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the explosives were reportedly hidden underneath charcoal in the vehicle. velgt tore rgs treating it as a act terrorism. they believe boko haram is to blame. the group kidnapped more than 200 schoolgirls. members believed to be part of boko haram attacked churches and homes. the assaults left dozens of people dead. the turkish prime minister is seeking another mandates from the people in a new role. erdogan has announced he's running for president. next month's vote will be the first time turkish citizens can directly elect their leader. >> translator: i'm not running for president of a party or group. i will be president of the entire turkish republic. no one must doubt that i will be a leader for everyone, regardless of whether they vote for me or not.
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>> up until now, the president has been appointed by parliament. he announced his candidacy at a meeting of the justice party. he is the clear frontrunner over a candidate jointly fielded by the two opposition parties. he became prime minister in 2003. he's hugely popular among supporters of the ruling party. they credit him with achieving economic growth while protecting islamic values. but critics say he's become the increasingly authoritarian. they point to his use of security forces. he's also blocked social media services such as twitter. there are concerns that if erdogan is elected he may broaden the position's power. analysts say he'll likely try to extend his rule by stressing his legitimacy as the first directly-elected president. former french president sarkozy has been placed under formal investigation.
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authorities suspect he tried to use his influence to avoid an investigation into his 2007 election campaign. sarkozy is accused of influenced peddling and corruption. french news agency afp says the authorities are deciding whether or not to press charges against sarkozy. he's the first former french president to be held in police custody for questioning. he appeared before a court in paris and was reportedly released. investigators suspect sarkozy used his influence to obtain information from a judge about funding irregularities. that was many his 2007 presidential campaign. he is believed to have promised the judge a new post in return for leaking information. sarkozy has not been engaged in political activities since his defeat in the presidential election in 2012. but people believe he's posed for another election in 2017.
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japanese electronics manufacturer nec is eyes the rising global demand for satellites. company executives unveiled a new plant in a tokyo suburb to the media on wednesday. the facility went into operation in june. it was built at a cost of around $95 million, and was partly subsidized by the government. it has a large testing chamber that's eight meters in diameter. workers can check the satellite equipment under vacuum conditions inside. there's also a working area over 20 meters high for assembling the satellites. officials say the firm will be able to produce up to eight satellites at a time. that's double the previous capacity. >> translator: we built this plant to upgrade the total process for making satellites, from cost management, quality
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control, production schedule to delivery. >> nec has so far won contracts only from japanese entities. it hopes the new facility will give them a better chance to gain orders from overseas. indian pharmaceutical companies are known for producing inexpensive generic drugs. they see japan as a promising market. representatives of about 70 indian drug companies showcased their products on wednesday in tokyo. indian government officials say their company accounts for about 10% of global drug production. firms specialize in producing low-priced versions of medicines whose patents have expired. they think the tile is right for them to enter the japanese market. >> given the financial burden on the japanese health care system with its rapidly aging population, there is an urgent need to reduce costs without sacrificing quality. and it is only the indian
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industry that can provide a credible solution. >> officials for the japanese pharmaceutical sector are also eager to take advantage of indian know how to make low-priced drugs. it's time now to check on the markets and the latest trading on wall street. moody's in new york has the forecast. >> prices were largely unchanged for the day. nevertheless, there's investor anxiety regarding the reese of -- release of june's employment report. looking at the broad market indices we find that the dow jones was up to 16,976. the tech-heavy nasdaq was unchanged at 4458, while the s&p 500 inched higher to 1975.
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today's market activity was influenced by a much stronger than expected showing for the adp's estimate of private sector payrolls. that estimate showed a gain of 281,000 jobs that was well above the consensus forecast of 215,000 worker addition in june. that drove the treasury yield up to 2.62%. and that was unwelcome news for interest-sensitive sectors like banks and housing. among today's leading groups in terms of stock price performance were precious metals, industrial metals, biotech and consumer electronics. putting downward pressure on the broad equity industries are airlines, utilities, real estate and industrial electronics.
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i'm john lonski from moody's analytics. and let's take another brief look at the market figures. police in hong kong have moved in on people staging a sit-in to demand greater democracy. officers arrested more than 500 demonstrators. the previous day, tens of thousands of people marched through the territory. crowds filled the streets on the 17th anniversary of hong kong's reversion to china. they called on authorities in
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beijing to respect hong kong's autonomy. the rally drew 510,000 people. an unprecedented number. more than 100,000 people showed up according to the police. more than 1,000 demonstrators, many of them young people, continued their protest after the main march ended. police began removing them in the morning. officers said they were disrupting traffic and undermining public safety. many hong kong residents take part in protests on july 1 every year. they say they're worried over the chinese government's increased interference in hong kong's affairs. chinese president xi jinping is traveling to south korea. and he has an agenda at boosting the relations between the two nations. nhk reports. >> reporter: since becoming
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president last year, xi jinping has taken a series of diplomatic steps toward neighboring countries. this trip marks the first time that the chinese government has been to south korea before paying a visit to north korea, china's long-time ally. one day ahead of shinzo abe in the south, the north fired two rockets into the sea of japan. observers think china will be careful not to irritate north korea too much for fear of triggering an extreme reaction. >> translator: i believe china notified north korea of the visit in advance, as always. and, i think the north launched its rockets to remind both china and south korea of its presence and revive tensions on the peninsula. >> reporter: chinese also wants to extend bilateral economic
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cooperation by finalizing a free trade agreement with the south which it hopes to boost investment. the port city is pinning its hopes on the two sides signing an agreement. since bilateral diplomatic relations were established in 1992, it's been a steppingstone for south korean businesses entering the chinese market. [ applause ] >> reporter: many chinese people have ancestry who speak korean have moved to china in search of jobs. this street was named after a south korean company. many factories located here, and they employ many workers. but the situation is changing. china's strong economic rise has led to higher labor costs forcing some companies to pull out of the city. figures show that the number of
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south korean companies here dropped 20% during 2013. many restaurants catering to these companies have had to close. >> translator: there are fewer factories, and those that are left are smaller, mid-sized businesses. in the last two or three year, our sales have dropped by half. >> reporter: if the two countries do sign a free-trade agreement, duties will be eliminated in many fields. officials hope this will lead to a rebound in south korean investment, since they still have a large korean-speaking population. this professor agrees that an agreement will also have an important strategic value. >> translator: if there is progress toward a free trade agreement between china and south korea, it will strengthen the ftas china has with asean countries.
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this will be a help in the future as to the counter balance between the u.s. and japan. nuclear regulators around the world have been closely watching japan's attempts to clean you the fukushima daiichi plant. they watch as they cope with setbacks. now a commissioner is visiting the site this week to see the progress first hand. we have this report. >> reporter: is he meeting with his japanese counterparts at tepco which operate the power plant. he wants to hear about the challenges of dealing with 400 tons of contaminated water every day and see how effective the cleanup measures have been so far. >> the issue of the water that's
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been released from the site has troubled a lot of people. i've traveled to a lot of arias in the region, and even they are concerned about it. the japanese had have come up with an idea to use an ice wall to block that water. that is a new idea. there are some questions we have about it. we don't understand the whole idea. so we're going to get a briefing on that and hopefully learn a lot more about it. >> reporter: tepco engineers admit that despite efforts to decontaminate the radioactive water, tritium is impossible to remove. he is optimistic that the damage to the environment is relatively small, depending on how it's released. # # # # >> the processes that are already working on the site are removing the most dangerous radioactive elements from the water. the tritium still remains. the tritium is very difficult to remove. however, it is probably possible to carefully release the tritt
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tret tritium over time in a way does not damage the environment and doesn't endanger human health. i don't know what japanese plans are in the way of releasing that water, but from a technical standpoint, i think it can be done safely. >> reporter: experts say that one of the most difficult challenges of de-commissioning the plant is removing debris from the reactors after the meltdown. he says there is no magic wand to correct this problem. >> i think people have to be realistic about how long this is going to take. during my visit to japan this week, people have asked me time and again, are there technologies in the united states to help solve this problem. the reality is there is no technology anywhere to help solve this problem. it has to be developed and it has to be done with research. it will take time. but clearly there's fantastic experts in japan and around the world that can work together to
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find a good solution. >> reporter: magwood says he wants to invite his counterparts and officials from japan's nuclear regulation authority to the u.s. commission so they can see how decisions are made there. >> we do business a bit differently than they do as you noted. you know, for example, in the nuclear regulatory commission, we work on a voting basis. we haven't really seen that in nra. it seems like most things come out in a consensus fashion. we think that kind of debate's healthy. i have to convince other people. and i think that's a good process. it's a good discipline. so that's the sort of thing we can discuss with our counterparts. see if they're interested in learning how we do, how our commission does business. >> reporter: magwood stresses that u.s. authorities are always ready to extend further support
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to japan. he's visiting fukushima daiichi again on thursday. nhk world, tokyo. four crippled reactors. a constant buildup of contaminated water. radioactive leaks threatening the environment. the people in charge of fukushima daiichi are struggling to control the plant. how will they stop the leaks and decommission the facilities? get the latest on the aftermaths of the nuclear accident with in depth reports and special features. nuclear watch only on "newsline." and now, here's a three-day outlook on the weather around the globe.
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and that wraps up this edition of "newsline." i'm raja pradhan in tokyo. and for all of us here at nhk world, thanks for watching, and
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have a good day, wherever you are. -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com
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4.6 billion years since its creation, the earth has continued to surprise us with its natural wonders. "great nature" a journey of mysterious discovery, images that inspire and delight, nature as artist sculpting and carving out the land. >> today a look at a mystical land hidden in brazil in south america known as the diamond highlands, the area is an ecological delight formed by the wonderous power of water. it is nicknamed the grand canyon of brazil.

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